We hope that you will never see a rabid dog or a poisonous snake, get lost in the open sea, or have to walk through a hot desert. But if something like this happens, it’s important to know what to do in these situations. The thing is, the chances of surviving in such situations is less than 10%.
To prepare you literally for everything, Bright Side will give you tips and tricks that will help you save your life in extremely difficult situations.
If you get lost in a desert
Try to travel at night. During the nighttime, the temperature might fall by 35 degrees. Traveling at night decreases the risk of getting a heat stroke and being dehydrated. This strategy can help you save up to 1 gallon of water a day.
Many people think there is water inside cacti. In fact, they contain poisonous lye. If you drink it, you might even die. In deserts, water can be found in underground sources that are not very deep
If you are trapped under a building or in a cave
If you are trapped under debris, the most precious resource you have at the moment is air. So, in order not to waste it, you have to know what to do.
Breath deeply, but exhale very slowly. Don’t use matches or lighters. Fire decreases the amount of oxygen.
Don’t scream. Screaming will increase panic, so your heart will beat faster and you will have to breathe faster.
Take off your shirt and wrap your head with it. If will protect you from suffocating if dust gets on your face.
If you see a wild dog or a wolf
Wolves often attack when you are in their territory. If a wolf notices you, you have to step back slowly while keeping eye contact.
Don’t turn your back and don’t run. A lone wolf will not attack you unless you run away and provoke it.
To scare the wild animal, scream as loudly as you can and act aggressively. Scream, howl, speak loudly. And keep walking backward slowly.
If you were unlucky enough to come across a pack of wolves or wild dogs, don’t let them surround you. Approach a tree and try to climb it.
If you are bitten by a venomous snake
A poisonous snakebite looks like this: right after you get bitten, the spot will hurt a lot. The blood color may change to dark red or even blue. After that, the bitten spot gets swollen, and other symptoms appear: a headache, blurry vision, stammering, nausea, fever.
What to do: doctors don’t recommend sucking out the venom, because there may be some small wounds in your mouth. Through them, the venom may get into your blood. But if you are far away from the hospital, there is no other choice. You should suck out the poison d1-2 seconds after the bite, spitting the poison out all the time and washing the mouth.
Don’t push the bite or put a bandage on it. If the venom is concentrated in one place, this may lead to necrosis. Let the blood pour out- it will take some of the venom with it.
How to understand you were bitten by a rabid animal
If you are bitten, wash the wound right away in warm water with soap. Even if the animal wasn’t bitten, you might have some infection.
If you are bitten by a rabid animal, the wound will bleed for a long time, and after that, it will become red and swollen. Later, it will itch badly, you will develop a fever, and you will be irritable.
Rabies leads to death within 4-7 days. That’s why it’s very important to visit the hospital and get vaccinated before it’s too late (after 1-3 days).
How to signal SOS correctly
If you are in danger and you have no means of communication, you should know how to signal SOS correctly.
SOS signal looks and sounds like this: 3 short flashes (or sounds), then 3 long ones and 3 short ones again (. . . _ _ _ . . .).
After the signal, wait for three seconds and repeat. If you receive 3 flashes of light (or three whistles), it means that rescue is headed in your direction.
Learn to stitch all kinds of wounds
A good stitch can help you stop the bleeding, close the wound, prevent an infection and save someone’s life. This is why this is one of the most important skills in an emergency.
How not to drown with injured or tied arms
A former navy seal Cade Courtley described this technique in his book. These actions will help you not to drown in places where it’s very deep or in a storming sea if you can’t use your arms.
Breath control is the most important thing. Don’t panic to breathe at a measured pace. You should take deep breaths, but exhales should be fast.
If you are in a small depth, use the dive and jump approach moving to the shore. If you are swimming on your back, bend the back so that your head is above the water. A full body flip will let you take a deep breath in a storming sea and continue moving to the shore.